Bibliography on the fate and effects of Arctic marine oil pollution



Publisher: Arctic Institute of North America in Ottawa

Written in English
Cover of: Bibliography on the fate and effects of Arctic marine oil pollution |
Published: Pages: 212 Downloads: 154
Share This

Subjects:

  • Oil pollution of the sea -- Arctic regions -- Bibliography.,
  • Oil spills -- Environmental aspects -- Canada -- Bibliography.

Edition Notes

Other titlesA selected bibliography on the fate and effects of oil pollution relevant to the Canadian marine environment.
Statementedited by Stuart C. Young.
SeriesEnvironmental Studies Revolving Funds report -- no. 026
ContributionsYoung, Stuart C., Arctic Institute of North America.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsZ5862.2.M3 F32
The Physical Object
Paginationxii, 212 p. ;
Number of Pages212
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16429987M
ISBN 100920783252

Pollution in Arctic cities and near industrial areas can be quite severe and wintertime Arctic conditions differ greatly from the more-studied pollution problems during summertime in the more populated mid-latitude regions. The Alaskan Layered Pollution And Chemical Analysis (ALPACA) project seeks to close knowledge gaps in understanding of atmospheric chemical mechanisms occurring under cold.   Marine pollution occurs today in varied forms--chemical, industrial, and agricultural-and the sources of pollution are endless. In recent history, we've seen oil spills, untreated sewage, eutrophication, invasive species, heavy metals, acidification, radioactive substances, marine litter, and overfishing, among other significant s: Planet Plastic: How Big Oil and big soda kept a global environmental calamity a secret for decades Coastal Care Ma “The unprecedented plastic waste tide plaguing our oceans and shores, can become as limited as our chosen relationship with plastics, which involves a dramatic behavioral change on our part ”. Microplastics originate from a variety of sources, but these can be broadly categorized as primary: the direct release of small particles, for example, as a result of release of pellets or powders, or secondary, which results from fragmentation of larger items (Andrady ; Cole et al. ; Hidalgo-Ruz et al. ).Microplastic-sized particles are directly used in a wide range of applications.

Pollution in the Arctic Ocean is primarily the result of economic activities carried out on land – such as industrial development in the Arctic region, northern rivers, and the effects of military activities, particularly nuclear activity – as well as the influx of pollutants from other regions of the world. [citation needed] However, the Arctic Ocean remains relatively clean compared to. Book Description: Survival, growth and distribution of marine organisms are highly influenced by climate variability. Marine biodiversity is threatened by the combined forces of harvesting, pollution and climate change. In this book, contributors summarize current knowledge of how climate affects marine ecosystems, focusing on the North Atlantic. The Arctic Oil Spill Response Technology Joint Industry Programme (JIP) is a collaboration of nine international oil and gas companies (BP, Chevron, ConocoPhillips, Eni, ExxonMobil, North Caspian Operating Company, Shell, Statoil, and Total) to advance oil spill response capability in six key areas. @article{osti_, title = {Fate of oil in a water environment: Phase II. A dynamic model of the mass balance for released oil. Final report}, author = {}, abstractNote = {A three-dimensional digital computer simulation model was constructed for the purpose of organizing the available information from oil spill research efforts in order to devise a management and scientific tool which.

  Beach of the Month Photo of the Month Plastic Pollution Sand Wars – United Nations-GEA Sand Mining Detrimental Effects The World’s Beaches Coastal Care Junior. Jerome Okon Nriagu is an American environmental chemist, academic and researcher. He is Professor Emeritus in the School of Public Health at the University of was formerly a Research Scientist at the National Water Research Institute, Burlington, Ontario, and an Adjunct Professor in the Department of Earth Sciences, University of Waterloo, Canada. and effects of dispersants in general, the fate and effects of oil in the A rctic and know ledge of natural processes in the m arine environment, particularly in theArctic. In spiteo f early recom - m endations that fieldstudies of oil effects be carried out (e.g., M oorea nd Dwyer, ; N ationalA cadem yo f Sciences. This paper describes the background, approach, challenges and results of the development of the Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response in the Arctic signed May by the eight member states of the Arctic Council at Kiruna, Sweden.

Bibliography on the fate and effects of Arctic marine oil pollution Download PDF EPUB FB2

Bibliography on the fate and effects of arctic marine oil pollution. [Ottawa]: Environmental Studies Revolving Funds, © (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource: Document Type: Book, Internet Resource: All Authors /.

Get this from a library. A Selected bibliography on the fate and effects of oil pollution relevant to the Canadian marine environment. [A L Samson; Canada. Environmental Protection Service. Research and Development Division.; Canada. Environmental Protection.

Purchase Fate and Effects of Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Marine Ecosystems and Organisms - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNBook Edition: 1. Introduction. Marine oil spills often refer to releases of liquid petroleum hydrocarbons into the ocean or coastal areas due to human activities (Li, Cai, Lin, Chen, & Zhang, ).They include the releases of crude oil from tankers, offshore platforms, drilling rigs, and wells; spills of refined petroleum products (such as gasoline and diesel) and their by-products; heavier fuels Cited by: 8.

Purchase Marine Pollution - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN  We assumed that oil spreads evenly across a hypothetical, non-isolated Arctic marine environment containing all the functional groups studied (Section ), and vulnerability depends on organisms' behavior (for example ability to flee) and use of habitat (for example sea surface, shore, cliff), and the characteristics and fate of the oil.

Exxon Valdez oil spill: fate and effects in Alaskan waters. P.G. Wells, J.N. Butler, and J.S. Hughes (Eds.). STPAmerican Society for Testing and Materials, Conshohocken, PA. Contains an introduction and 25 papers from a symposium dealing with the fate and effects of the Exxon Valdez oil.

"The impact of maritime oil pollution in the marine environment: case study of maritime oil pollution in the navigational channel of Shatt Al-Arab" (). World Maritime University Dissertations.

Oil in the Arctic marine ecosystem originates mainly from two sources: drilling activity and oil spills during transportation.

Drilling activity causes long-term exposure and thus chronic effects on Arctic marine ecosystems, such as changes in species composition, dominance and biomass, while oil spill effects are acute and can cause severe. The /21 edition contains updated oil spill statistics and staff information, a revised section on pollution liability and compensation, as well as regular features on different types of marine pollutants, clean-up techniques and the fate and effects of oil.

The best books on Pollution recommended by Rebecca Altman 'One of the themes that I hope shines through is the significance of the act of witnessing.

These books have all been influential, and as a result, all stand as testaments to the cascading influence one person can have.'. The Arctic is a wild, remote, sparsely populated region, with little industry. Nevertheless, pollution is a real threat to the people and wildlife living there.

There is much current attention in the media on the threat of plastic pollution to marine environments, but first we will consider chemical pollution in the Arctic. Oil and Gas p. The biological effects of oil p.

Sources of oil in the marine environment p. The fate of oil in the marine environment p. Oil spills and oil spill clean-up p. Wrecks, rigs and reefs p. Radioactivity p.

The nature of radiation p. Sources of radiation p. Nuclear waste p. Low-level radioactive. The occurrence and distribution of plastic debris in the marine environment has been studied even in the most remote areas, such as the arctic and the ocean floor. However, even though rivers are recognized as a major source of marine litter [ 13, 14, 15 ], the occurrence of plastic debris in freshwater systems just started to receive.

See notes 8; M. Blumer and J. Sass, “Oil Pollution: Persistence and Degradation of Spilled Fuel Oil,” Science (): –22; M. Blumer and J. Sass, “Indigenous and Petroleum-Derived Hydrocarbons in a Polluted Sediment,” Marine Pollution Bulletin 3 (): 92–94; P.

Galstoff, “Oil Pollution in Coastal Waters. Offshore oil drilling in the Arctic comes with more risk due to inclement weather, ice conditions, and isolation, leading to an increased chance of detrimental oil spills occurring in the area, at the cost of oil companies and members of the marine ecosystem (Hoag, ).

Background: The bacterial community responses to oil spill events are key elements to predict the fate of hydrocarbon pollution in receiving aquatic environments. In polar systems, cold temperatures and low irradiance levels can limit the effectiveness of contamination removal processes.

In this study, the effects of a simulated acute oil spillage on bacterial communities from polar sediments. PDF | On Jan 1,K. Lee and others published State of Knowledge Review of Fate and Effect of Oil in the Arctic Marine Environment.

A report prepared for the National Energy Board of Canada. The chemical dispersants used to break down oil are toxic (Judson et al.CastranovaGoldsmith et al. Sriram et al. ), and the combination of oil and dispersant can have stronger negative effects on marine species than the oil alone (GeorgeDe Vogelaere and FosterCohen et al.

Vosyliene et al. Responding to Oil Spills in the U.S. Arctic Marine Environment reviews the current state of the science regarding oil spill response and environmental assessment in the Arctic region north of the Bering Strait, with emphasis on the potential impacts in U.S.

waters. This report describes the unique ecosystems and environment of the Arctic and. The ultimate fate of oil in the Arctic depends largely on the location and ice conditions; however, the effect of the ice is generally to slow the spreading and contain the oil when it is first spilled, compared to open water conditions.

Oil caught in ice and snow over winter will generally be. marine oil pollution preparedness and response, especially regarding the Arctic environment, and on the effects of pollution on the environment, and of regularly conducting joint training and exercises, as well as joint research and development, Have agreed as follows: Article 1 Objective ofthis Agreement.

Also, how oil impacts one species can influence patterns of energy flow through more complex marine communities, particularly in fragile but still poorly understood ecosystems such as the Arctic.” Scientists noted that habitat conditions in the Arctic are changing.

Other types of environmental stress might compound the effects of oil exposure. documentation for oil and gas projects in marine environments, and expert evaluations of safety for such projects.

Risk Informatics Research Center estimated the risk of current and near-future oil spill risk, and the spread and fate of potential oil spills from shipping sources in the Bering Strait, with a total of 36 oil spill scenarios mapped.

In particular, focus is given to the evaluation of oil spill countermeasures for use under arctic conditions in light of anticipated regional increases in marine traffic (e.g.

Northwest Passage) and industrial activities (e.g. offshore oil and gas exploration) in the future. to dispose of oil sludge, garbage, sewage, and to manage its ballast, inter alia.

In fact, the Arctic is a pristine natural environment, where wilderness and beauty is unique in that it is largely untouched by human beings. Actually, unlike Antarctica, the ASRs are not well covered by international pollution prevention instruments, or even.

This is an up-to-date account of marine pollution within the broad ecological and social context of a growing, technologically advanced, global population. Subject(s): Marine pollution; ISBN: (ebook) Audience Notes: Specialized. Note: This edition previously issued in print: Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical.

The objective of this Agreement is to strengthen cooperation, coordination and mutual assistance among the Parties on oil pollution preparedness and response in the Arctic in order to protect the marine environment from pollution by oil. Article 2. Terms and Definitions.

For the purposes of this Agreement: 1. The effects of a very large oil spill on the marine environment in the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas are unknown. Since oil production in the Arctic has thus far been limited, the impact have not been thoroughly studied.

The lack of scientific evidence raises critical concerns about further oil and gas development in the Arctic. the oil during winter, but spring melt only releases it (thus coinciding with the arrival of migrating birds), while in marine environments Arctic sea ice reduces wave action, which in more temperate regions would help to mitigate the effects of oil pollution.

Oil fires also produce smoke clouds that are concentrated at very. Oil spills are harmful to marine birds and mammals as well as fish and shellfish. Following an oil spill, there are specialists and veterinarians to deal with oiled wildlife. These experts are trained on how to clean oil from animals, rehabilitate them, and return them to the environment.fate and effects of water based drilling muds and cuttings in cold water environments Dr.

Jerry M. Neff v Table Concentration of Hydrocarbons in WBM and Cuttings, Point Arguello.Arctic states should continue to identify, monitor and assess the combined effects of multiple stressors – inter alia climate change, ocean acidification, shipping, living marine resource use, regional and long-range pollution, and offshore oil and gas exploration and extraction – on Arctic marine .